Document Type : Research Article


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, Istanbul, 34349, Turkey


Adhesively bonded technique is preferred more than bolted joining technique for glass connections. Glass panels supported by metal frame are generally used to glazing applications. Obtaining the critical buckling temperature is highly important and also thermal buckling behaviour of the glass joints should be considered. Stability of the joint is influenced by many design parameters such as types of adhesive/adherent materials. This paper presents a finite element method (FEM) of adhesively bonded scarf joint under thermal loading. Finite element models for the glass joint having isotropic (Aluminum and Steel) or anisotropic (Boron-epoxy, Kevlar-epoxy and E glass-epoxy) adherents were established by ANSYS® commercial program. FEM analysis was based on the usage of special surface to surface contact elements. The effects of adherent properties on the critical buckling temperature were investigated. Adhesively bonded scarf joint mode shapes were presented for the first five modes. Among the anisotropic adherent materials, the highest critical buckling temperature was determined for the boron-epoxy/glass joint. Additionally, the results showed that the adherent materials should be chosen carefully for adhesively bonded glass joints. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.


1.Huveners, E.;van Herwijnen, F.; Soetens, F.; Hofmeyer, H. InPlane
Loaded Glass Panels in Facades, Temperature Loads in Fixed
BondedGlassPanels. Glass Processing Days Proc. Tampere,
Finland, 2005.

2.Huveners, E.; van Herwijnen, F.; Soetens, F.; Hofmeyer, H.Heron
J., 2007, 52, 5.

3.Englhardt,O. Transparent Surface Structures Engineering to
Architecture, Conference on Architectural and Structural
Application of GlassProc. Delft, Netherlands, 2008.

4.Wellershoff,F.;Sedlacek, G. Glass Pavilion Rheinbach Stability
of Glass Columns,Glass Processing Days Proc. Tampere, Finland,

5.Luible,A.;Crisinel, M. Plate Buckling of Glass Panels,Glass
Processing Days Proc. Tampere, Finland, 2005.

6.Laufs,W., Luible, A. Introduction on Use of Glass in Modern
Buildings, Rapport ICOM 462, Lausanne, 2003.

7.Slessor, C. Glass Evolution(Use of Glass in Architecture),The
ArchitecturalReview, 1998.

8.Uysal, M. U.;Güven, U. Compos.Struct., 2015, 121, 182

9.Mocibob, D.; Belis, J.Eng. Struct., 2010, 32, 753

10.Adams, R.D.;Comyn, J.; Wake, W. C.Structural Adhesive Joints in
Engineering; Chapman and Hall: UK, 1997.

11.Silva, L. F. M.; Adams, R. D.Int. J. Adhes. Adhes.,2007, 27, 362

12.Oterkus, E.;Madenci, E.; Smeltzer III, S. S.; Ambur, D. R. Thermo-
Mechanical Analysis of Bonded Cylindrically Curved Composite
Shell Structures, 47thStructures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials
ConferenceProc., Newport, USA, 2006.

Vinson, J. R.; Zumsteg, J. R.. Analysis of Bonded Joints in
Composite Material Structures Including Hygrothermal Effects, 20
Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference
St. Louis,
14.Adams, R. D.;Coppendale, J.; Mallick, V.; Al-Hamdan, H.Int. J.
Adhes. Adhes., 1992, 12,185.

15.Chen, W.T.;Nelson, C.W. IBM Journal of Research and
Development, 1979, 23, 179.


16.Smith, L.J.H.Adhesive-Bonded Double-Lap Joints, NASA
Contractor Report 112235, 1973.

17.Silva, L. F. M.;Adams, R. D. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes., 2007, 27,216.

18.Loctite Corporation, Loctite Epoxy Catalogue, Technical Data Sheet
Hysol Products, CT, USA, 2008.

19.Tony, L.;Steven, G. P. Analysis and Design of Structural Bonded
Joints;Kluwe Academic Publishers:USA, 1999.


Pradhan, B.; Panda, S. K.J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 2006, 128, 383..